Qatar is a sovereign and independent Arab State. Islam is its official
religion, Islamic Law is its principle source of Legislation.
Qatar is tolerant towards other religions. Arabic is its official Language
and is a part of the Arab Nation.
The present population in Qatar at the present time is more than 700.000
The State of Qatar is situated half way along the west coast of the Arabian
Gulf, east of the Arabian peninsula.
The State of Qatar covers an area of 11437 sq km. The territory of the
State of Qatar includes a number of islands in the coastal waters of the
peninsula. The most well known of these islands are the Halul, which is
the main export terminal for the offshore oilfields, Sharouh, Al Bashiriyah,
Safliya and others.
Doha is the capital city and seat of Governments. It includes the country’s
main sea port and international airport. It has an advanced road system
linking it with the international road network and it is Qatar’s
cultural, commercial and financial centre.
Al Rayyan is located 10 kilometers north of Doha. It is the largest residential
area outside Doha
Al Khor is a coastal city 57 kilometers north of Doha with a port for
Municipality includes the emergent industrial city of Ras Laffan
Ras Laffan Industrial City
Strategically located on the north shore of the Qatari Peninsula and at
the centre of the Arabian Gulf, and because of its proximity to the North
Field (the largest natural gas field in the world), Ras Laffan Industrial
City is the host of many hydrocarbon based industries including Qatargas
Mesaieed is the major industrial city in Qatar. It has a large seaport
as well as the principal terminal for the export of oil and other hydrocarbon
products. The beaches at Mesaieed with their fine sand are considered
to be among the most important tourist areas in Qatar.
Al Wakra is situated between Doha and Mesaieed, 15 kilometers from Doha,
and has a small harbour for fishing boats.
Dukhan is the onshore oil production centre and is situated halfway along
the western coastline of the Qatari Peninsula. It has developed since
the exploitation of the country’s oil reserves commenced in 1949.
Al-Zubara is one of the most important historical towns. Located about
105 km to the north of Doha, it houses the historical Al-Zubara fort.
A modern town functioning as an administrative center for a number of
coastal villages in the northern part of the country. It is 107 km away
Foreign Information Agency –Geography and History
Qatar has a moderate desert climate with long hot summers and short mild
winters and little rain in winter.
The official currency is the Qatari Riyal (QR), which is divided into
100 dirhams. The Exchange parity has been set at the fixed rate of US
$ = 3.65QR's.
- Independence Day: The Independence Day on 18th December
This Marks the day when Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed bin Thani assumed power
and laid the foundation of the modern State of Qatar.
- Eid Al-Fitr: At the 1st of Shawwal for four days.
- Eid Al- Adha: starts at 9th of Zilhijjah for five days.
The national flag is maroon colour with a broad vertical white stripe
at the pole, the two colours being separated with a nine-point serrated
Meaning of the flag:
A- The white colour reflects the internationally recognized symbol of
B- The maroon colour symbolizes the bloodshed during the several wars
Qatar had undergone, particularly in the second half of the 19th century.
C- The nine-point serrated line indicates that Qatar is the 9th member
of the "reconciled Emirates" of the Arabian Gulf in the wake
of concluding the Qatari-British treaty in 1916. This information on design
and colour of Qatar flag was mentioned in the Archives of the British
Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1931.
Government offices: 7 am to 2 pm.
Private establishments: 8 am to 12 noon, and 4 pm to 8 pm.
Friday and Saturday are the weekend holidays.
3 hours + Greenwich Mean Time.
240 Volts + 6% with frequency 50 hertz.
The system of government in the State of Qatar is hereditary in the family
of Al Thani and in the line of the male descendants of Hamad bin Khalifa
bin Hamad bin Abdullah bin Qassim.
The rule is inherited by the son named as Heir Apparent by the Emir after
consultation with members of the Ruling Family and the people of wisdom
(Ahal Alhal wal agd) in the State.
In case there is no such son, the prerogatives of rule is passed to the
member of the family named by the Emir as Heir Apparent. In this case,
his male descendants shall inherit the rule.
On the 27Th of June 1995 His
Highness Sheikh Hamad Bin Khalifa Al-Thani assumed the rule of the
State of Qatar supported by the ruling family. He appointed on 5 August
HH Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani as Heir Apparent.
The Emir is the Head of State. His person shall be inviolable and he must
be respected by all. The Emir is the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.
He shall supervise the same with the assistance of the Defense Council,
which is set under his direct authority.
The Emir shall represent the State internally and externally and in all
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The Emir shall discharge the following
1- Drawing up the general policy of the State with the assistance of the
Council of Ministers.
2- Ratification and promulgation of laws; and no such law may be issued
unless it is ratified by the Emir.
3- Summoning the Council of Ministers to convene at any time deemed necessary
for public interest; and the Emir shall preside over the meetings of the
Council of Ministers that he attends.
4- Appointment of civil servants and military personnel and terminating
their service in accordance with the law.
5- Accrediting the heads of diplomatic and consular missions.
6- Granting pardon or commuting penalties in accordance with the law.
7- Conferring civilian and military orders and badges of honor in accordance
with the law.
8- Establishing, organizing, supervising and specifying the functions
of the consultative bodies that assist him in directing the high policies
of the state.
Prime Minister’s Biography
The State of Qatar
The State of Qatar gained its independence in 1971 and, shortly afterwards,
joined both league of Arab States and the United Nations. A year earlier,
in 1970, the provisional constitution had been issued. In 1972 it underwent
the first amendment.
On 29 April 2003 Qatar witnessed the first referendum ever when Qataris
went to polls to vote on
the Permanent Constitution of the country which was approved by 96.6
% of the voters.
In March 1999 Qatari voters went to polls for the first time ever to elect
the municipal council with the participation of women as voters and candidates.
In April 2003 the emerging State of Qatar held its second elections.
The next step ahead of the Qatar is to prepare itself for the elections
for the Al Shoura council (the country’s Parliament).
Qatar reaps fruits of 33 years of independence